The definition

“Hijama” in Arabic literally means “to suck” and to “return to a normal state” of internal balance. It ultimately helps the body to create a balance and alkaline environment by removing acidity. Hijama cupping therapy is a holistic, powerful method of cleansing which removes toxic and stagnant blood from the body. Cupping therapy, therefore, is the name of the actual procedure itself.

Procedure

As vacuum is created in a cup and placed on the body it causes a negative pressure, pulls the muscles into the cup and draws the blood to the cupped area. This first stage is known as “dry cupping”. When the cup is removed a small, shallow incisions are made in the same area, before putting the cup back on. This pulls out the toxic blood, acids and excess fluids from the body. This second stage is called a “wet“, or “blood cupping“.

Religious background

Hijama – Cupping Therapy is recognised as an Islamic approach in treating healt issues within the realm of natural and holistic therapy. It is reported in hadiths that, the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:
“I did not pass by an Angel from the Angels on the Night Journey except that they all said to me; ‘Upon you is cupping (hijama), O Muhammad”. (Ibn Majah)
“Cupping is the most helpful procedure for human beings to cure themselves”. (Bukhari)
“The best treatment is hijama cupping; it removes blood, lightens the back and sharpens the eyesight”. (Tirmidhi )

Historic background

Cupping remained a constant in professional medical treatment throughout Europe. It was practiced by such famous physicians as Galen, Paracelsus, Ambroise Pare and Hahnemann. The first documented medical text was found in 1550 BC in Egypt, and it is argued that first to invent cupping were Chinese doctors over 5,000 years ago. It was commonly practiced in the Roman Empire, Islamic Empire, Europe, Russia, Central Asia, South Asia, and the United States, with its highest popularity in 18th and 19th Centuries in Europe. Right now it is most popular in China, Finland, Russia and many Muslim-majority countries.

Religious background

Hijama – Cupping Therapy is recognised as an Islamic approach in treating healt issues within the realm of natural and holistic therapy. It is reported in hadiths that, the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

“I did not pass by an Angel from the Angels on the Night Journey except that they all said to me; ‘Upon you is cupping (hijama), O Muhammad”. (Ibn Majah)

“Cupping is the most helpful procedure for human beings to cure themselves”. (Bukhari)

“The best treatment is hijama cupping; it removes blood, lightens the back and sharpens the eyesight”. (Tirmidhi )

Historic background

Cupping remained a constant in professional medical treatment throughout Europe. It was practiced by such famous physicians as Galen, Paracelsus, Ambroise Pare and Hahnemann. The first documented medical text was found in 1550 BC in Egypt, and it is argued that first to invent cupping were Chinese doctors over 5,000 years ago. It was commonly practiced in the Roman Empire, Islamic Empire, Europe, Russia, Central Asia, South Asia, and the United States, with its highest popularity in 18th and 19th Centuries in Europe. Right now it is most popular in China, Finland, Russia and many Muslim-majority countries.

The Medical Benefits

Hijama Cupping is an excellent form of preventative and curative therapy. Below are some of the ways cupping helps:

  • Boosts the circulatory and immune systems
  • Cleanses and detoxifies the body
  • Stimulates metabolism of tissues
  • Stimulates circulation and lymphatic systems
  • Oxygenates tissues
  • Balances endocrine system and hormones
  • Treats illness and relaxes the muscles
  • Pain relief such as headaches, migraines

Hijama is also useful for treating many issues around systems:

Musculo-skeletal: pains and aches, arthritis, frozen shoulder and sciatica rheumatism, lumbago and stiff neck

Hormonal: Thyroid,  like sub-fertility, menorrhagia, and pre-menstrual syndrome, endometriosis, PCOS and Fertility

Mental: depression, anxiety

Immune: fibromyalgia, MS and Lupus

Respiratory: cold, flu, asthma, chronic cough, pleurisy, bronchial congestion

Digestive: weight issues, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, fatty liver and thyroid and dermatology issues eczema, psoriasis, fungus, vitiligo

Evidence based

Hijama is evidence based scientifically proven treatment, knew to humanity since ancient times. A recent study by Ahmed et all (2011)  suggest hijama efficacy in treating rheumatoid arthritis (Hijama a review of the evidence, Volume 16, Issue 1, pages 12–16, March 2011). Another research results suggest that, compared to the baseline, mean headache severity decreased by 66% following wet-cupping treatment. Treated patients also experienced the equivalent of 12.6 fewer days of headache per month. Possible mechanisms of wet-cupping’s efficacy, as well as directions for future research are discussed.(www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S0192415X08005564). There is some evidence that wet-cupping is effective in the treatment of nonspecific low back pain (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19114223), Studies have also shown some evidence that it may be effective in the treatment of post-herpetic neuralgia (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3151529/).

The Side effects

Cupping has few side effects aside from minimal discomfort due to the method of application of skin cuts to the patient. A potentially risk is infection, which may be introduced by the skin incisions themselves. Other possible minor side effects that may occur is feeling of slight light hardheadedness post therapy, this is similar to the sensation one feels after having blood taken when donating blood. Cupping [hijama] encourages blood flow to the cupped region (hyperaemia), one may therefore feel warmer and hotter as a result of vasodilatation taking place and slight sweating may occur.

Pregnant women, Children under 16 years of age, menstruating women (only in case of anaemia), cancer (metastatic) and patients with bone fractures or muscle spasms are also believed to be contra-indicated. Some practitioners suggest that a low risk of blood clotting is possible and therefore walking and staying awake after a procedure is advisable.

Requirements

It is recognized that most beneficial hijama procedure is performed on empty stomach as it is preventing form cloth formation (min 2 hours fasting prior to procedure). It can be performed as cure or prevention (recommended once a month). It is recommended to take shower before, as later on it is discouraged to bath/shower for min 24 hours. It is recommended to observe additional self care after the hijama:

1.Eat and drink straight after, i.e. juice, dates
2.No bath s or showers for at least 24 h – 3 days
3.Apply antiseptic oil on wounds
4.Wear loose clothing
5.Do not drive back by your self
6.Avoid exercises, including sex and cleaning
7.Drink plenty – hydration
8.Dietary advice; avoid red meat, beans, gluten, dairy for at least 3 days.

Requirements

It is recognized that most beneficial hijama procedure is performed on empty stomach as it is preventing form cloth formation (min 2 hours fasting prior to procedure). It can be performed as cure or prevention (recommended once a month). It is recommended to take shower before, as later on it is discouraged to bath/shower for min 24 hours. It is recommended to observe additional self care after the hijama:

1.Eat and drink straight after, i.e. juice, dates
2.No bath s or showers for at least 24 h – 3 days
3.Apply antiseptic oil on wounds
4.Wear loose clothing
5.Do not drive back by your self
6.Avoid exercises, including sex and cleaning
7.Drink plenty – hydration
8.Dietary advice; avoid red meat, beans, gluten, dairy for at least 3 days.

Hijama Timing

Hijama is both a preventative and curative treatment. It is recommended that you should use hijama as a form of prevention 2-4 times a year if you are healthy. If you have serious medical conditions, it can be performed more often.

Also it is most beneficial if done during white days (13th, 14th,15th of lunar calendar) and 17th, 19th, 20th of lunar month and on Monday, Tuesdays and Thursdays. It is best to have hijama performed on the “Sunnah Days” according to hadith:

“Whoever performs Hijama cupping in the 17th, 19th and 21st day (of the Islamic Lunar month), then it is a cure for every disease”. (Ibn Majah).

Islamic scholars have advised, however that cupping is not restricted to those dates. As a new Islamic day starts at sunset – Maghrib, it is advisable to do hijama between Fajr (sunrise) and Maghrib (sunset) on a day.

HIJAMA DATES IN 2018, in shaa Allah:

October: 1, 22,23,24,26,28,30.
November: 21,22,23,25,27,29.
December:20,21,22,24,26,28.

HIJAMA DATES IN 2019, in shaa Allah:

January: 19,20,21,23,25,27.
February: 18,19,20,22,24,26
March: 20,21,22,24,26,27
April: 18,19,20,22,24,26
May: 18,19,20,22,24,26
June: 16,17,18,20,22, 24
July: 16,17,18,20,22,24
August: 14,15,16,18,20,22
September: 12,13,14,16,18,20
October: 12,13,14,16,18,20
November: 10, 11,12,14,16,18
December: 10,11,12,14,16,18.